INTERACTIVE TIMELINE

  • Cimenterie Nationale
    Cimenterie Nationale started its operations in 1954 with one kiln using the wet process.
  • 2 kilns were added in 1957
    2 kilns were added in 1957 and 1967 respectively, and completely reconditioned in 1974.
  • The reconditioning also transformed the kilns
    The reconditioning also transformed the kilns to dry process, firing coal instead of fuel oil, and later converting to petroleum coke
  • As a result of the civil war in Lebanon
    As a result of the civil war in Lebanon (1975-1990) the production tool was at its minimal capacity
  • The Lebanese cement
    The Lebanese cement demand increased from 2Mt in 1992 to a peak of 4 Mt in 1995.
  • Cimenterie Nationale
    Cimenterie Nationale massively invested to increase its production in order to meet demand (140 USD total investment )
  • Cimenterie Nationale
    Production increased from 500,000T /year to 1.5 Million tons/year by 1998
  • Cimenterie Nationale
    IFC long-term loan of 50 million$ led to major environmental investment to conform with international standards
  • Cimenterie Nationale
    During the 1993-1998 period, CN local sales have tripled while the market share has doubled from 20% to 40%
  • Cimenterie Nationale
    During the 1994-1998 period, meeting the demand and gaining market share called for the importation of clinker
  • Cimenterie Nationale
    The general situation during the consolidation phase was characterized by: -Unstable political situation in Lebanon -Market stagnation 3.5 MT/ year -High level of companies indebtedness -Reliance on low margin sea export
  • Cimenterie Nationale
    While the sales remained stable, Cimenterie Nationale's market share witnessed its peak in 2001
  • Cimenterie Nationale
    During the 4th phase, the regional situation was characterized by the following -Unstable political scene in the Middle East as a result of the Iraq invasion in 2003 -High oil price/ high revenues of gulf countries
Chart 1
Debottlenecking & Expansion (Sales & Market Shares)
Chart 1
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Chart 2
Debottlenecking & Expansion (Sales & Market Shares)
Chart 2
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Chart 2
Debottlenecking & Expansion (Sales & Market Shares)
Chart 2
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Chart 4
Debottlenecking & Expansion (Sales & Market Shares)
Chart 4
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Chart 5
Debottlenecking & Expansion (Sales & Market Shares)
Chart 5
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Chart 6
Debottlenecking & Expansion (Sales & Market Shares)
Chart 6
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